Dear guests, I would like to offer you a trip to Mount Aragats, a lone extinct volcano, the highest mountain in the territory of modern Armenia. Aragats is a magnificent natural monument with four peaks.
The mountain river flows from the bottom up here too, and the pedestrian discovers that it is much easier for him to go uphill than to descend from the mountain.
On the southern slope of the majestic Mount Aragats, far from the noisy cities, the medieval fortress of Amberd rises. It is located on a rocky slope at an altitude of 2100 meters, protected from both sides by deep gorges at the confluence of the Amberd and Arkashen rivers. The history of Amberd begins in the VII century, when the Armenian princes Kamsarakan began building a fortress here. Over time, a small outpost turned into a well-protected fortress. However, the Kamsarakan family had to pass this strategic point to another Armenian princely family, Pahlavuni, who turned it into his residence. The famous Armenian commander Vahram Pahlavuni, who lived in the XI century, ordered to improve the fortification of the fortress of
Amberd. Also by his decision, a church was built here, which was later named in his honor – Vahramashen.
On the way, we will also see the Armenian Alphabet, which hid on the slopes of Mount Aragats.
This is a monument to the Armenian alphabet and Mashtots, 39 hewn letters from tuff, together with their creator Mesrop Mashtots and his students. Stonecutters from all over Armenia participated in the creation of the monument, and it was created for the anniversary – the Armenian alphabet celebrated 1600 years in 2007. The letters of the Armenian alphabet themselves are considered an integral factor of national pride and identity; they are often not only an element of decor, but also a sacred symbol of a nation, along with the flag and emblem.